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Component order rule 6 – sliding enclosures

These enclosures are normally called “lower-left enclosures”; I have called them “sliding enclosures” because of their vaguely serpentine look, and because it is more memorable.

As you can see in the diagram below, sliding enclosures have a long tail that slides toward the right, underneath whatever component is located on the right side.

Kanji stroke diagram of common lower-left (sliding) enclosures: すいにょう sui'nyou, えんにょう ennyou, そうにょう sou'nyou, しんにょう shinnyou, きにょう ki'nyou, ばくにょう baku'nyou.
すいにょう sui’nyou, えんにょう ennyou, そうにょう sou’nyou, しんにょう shinnyou, きにょう ki’nyou, ばくにょう baku’nyou.

There are two types of sliding enclosures:

  • enclosures that are written first;
  • enclosures that are written last.

The sliding enclosure shapes in the following kanji are always written first.

Kanji stroke and component order diagram of lower-left (sliding) enclosures that are written first: 超 koeru 'to surpass', 処 SHO 'to deal with', 勉 tsutomeru 'to endeavour', 題 DAI 'topic', 麺 MEN 'noodles', 魅 MI 'bewitch'.
koeru ‘to surpass’, SHO ‘to deal with’, tsutomeru ‘to endeavour’, DAI ‘topic’, MEN ‘noodles’, MI ‘bewitch’.

The sliding enclosure shapes in the following kanji are always written last.

Kanji stroke and component order diagram of lower-left (sliding) enclosures that are written last: 延 nobiru 'to stretch', 進 susumu 'to advance', 遜 SON 'to abase oneself', 直 CHOKU 'direct'.
nobiru ‘to stretch’, susumu ‘to advance’, SON ‘to abase oneself’, CHOKU ‘direct’.

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